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Instrumental Enrichment

As there is growing recognition that intelligence is not a fixed, static, structure, but an open, dynamic system that can continue to develop throughout life, many schools are incorporating programs to develop these capacities more fully. Pioneering work continues, but the research is already in. Intelligence can be taught and learned!

For further information please contact Mary Jane Bloethner at or Meir Ben Hur at Website URL is


Theory of Structural Cognitive Modifiability
Compiled by New Horizons' staff
IE is a program that enhances the cognitive skills necessary for independent thinking. The program seeks to sharpen critical thinking with concepts, skills, strategies, operations, and techniques necessary for independent learning.

Feuerstein's Instrumental Enrichment-BASIC
Meir Ben-Hur
Senior international trainer in Feuerstein's methods describes a new early childhood IE program.

New Horizons
Reuven Feuerstein
Professor Feuerstein describes worldwide IE training programs.

Students and Teachers Discover New Tools for Thinking
Lorna Williams
To many First Nations students what is taught in school is not relevant to their lives and has little connection to their future. For students who have previously experienced failure in school, I.E. creates opportunities to gain insights into their way of thinking, attitudes, and feelings.

Feuerstein's Instrumental Enrichment: Better Learning for Better Students Meir Ben-Hur
The author describes seven studies of the effects of IE on academic achievement. The studies were conducted in urban, suburban, or rural areas, and with regular and various special student populations.

Feuerstein Instrumental Enrichment (FIE) as a Model for School Reform
Meir Ben-Hur
Time and again FIE is considered a viable tool in helping schools address learning needs. It happened four decades ago as the program was designed to help mainstream young Israeli immigrants who survived war torn Europe, and it happens today as schools world wide need to prepare more and more diverse student populations for an increasingly intellectually challenging future.

Personal Revelation: No More Gold in the River
Katherine H. Greenberg
According to Greenberg, "The theoretical works of Lev Vygotsky and Reuven Feuerstein enhance each other in important ways. Vygotsky wrote about a zone of proximal development, a place where we can see the buds of development of human competence within a learner. Vygotsky defined this zone as "the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving, and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance or in collaboration with more capable peers." Feuerstein's theory of Mediated Learning Experience describes what happens within the zone of proximal development--from the perspective of the mediator of learning experiences who is assisting the learner in moving through the zone, and from the perspective of how a learner develops human competence within the zone.

Cognitive Enrichment of Culturally Different Students: Feuerstein's Theory
Alex Kozulin, et al
Concern for the culturally different child lies at the very basis of Feuerstein's Mediated Learning Experience (MLE) theory and its applied systems.

Optimizing Memory in the Adult Brain for Effectiveness in a Multitasking Society
Donalee Markus
The author is a psychologist who has worked for many years with Dr. Reuven Feuerstein in his pioneering "teaching intelligence" program. She describes new skills she has developed for improving memory in the adult and senior years.

Recommended Reading

The Mind of a Child: Working with Children Affected by Poverty, Racism, and War
by Producer/Director: Gary Marcuse, Associate Producer: Lorna Williams .
Face to Face Media, Ltd. 1995. (59 min. 30 sec.) VHS, Closed captioned.
To order please contact the producer at

Experience of Mediated Learning: An Impact of Feuerstein's Theory in Education and Psychology

by Alex Kozulin and Yaacov Rand (Editors)

On Feuerstein`s Instrumental Enrichment
by Meir Ben-Hur (Editor)

Don't Accept Me As I Am
by Reuven Feuerstein, Yaacov Rand, and John E. Rynders

©February 2006

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